Norway

Regulations concerning aircraft without a pilot on board

Norway UAV Laws

Overview
(Translated by the CAA page – Unofficial translation of the Norwegian text.)
The Regulations apply to all flying of model aircraft or aircraft without a pilot on board in Norway, including Svalbard, and in the airspace above the Norwegian continental shelf and the Norwegian economic zone. For the purpose of these Regulations, the term
  1. aircraft without a pilot on board means a device without a pilot on board that moves through the air and where the purpose of the flying is something other than recreation, sport or competition;
  2. moves through the air and where the sole purpose of the flying is recreation, sport or competition;
  3. pilot means the person who operates the aircraft’s control systems and is responsible for navigation and safety during the flight;
  4. pilot in command means the pilot who has been appointed to be in charge of navigating the aircraft and of safety during the flight;
All flights must be conducted in a considerate manner so that there is no risk of harm to aircraft, people, birds, animals or property and so as not to otherwise constitute a public nuisan The aircraft must be clearly visible to the operator at all times. Necessary safety distances must be maintained for all flights. It is not permitted to fly
  1. at altitudes of more than 120 metres above ground or water;
  2. closer than 150 metres to a crowd of more than 100 people;
  3. closer than 50 metres to people, motor vehicles or buildings not controlled by the pilot and pilot in command.
Aircraft with an MTOM of 250 grams or less may be used for VLOS, EVLOS or BLOS flying, though not at altitudes of more than 50 metres above ground or water. The safety distances provided for in the second paragraph (b) and (c) do not apply. An aircraft without a pilot on board may not be flown over or in the vicinity of military areas, embassies or prisons. An aircraft without a pilot on board may not be flown closer than 5 km to an aerodrome, unless the flight has been cleared with the local air traffic control service or flight information service. Flying over or in the vicinity of places where an incident site has been established by the emergency services or the Armed Forces in connection with an accident or other extraordinary event may only be performed by permission from the incident commander. BLOS flying may only be performed if the licence from the CAA Norway covers this type of operation.

Flying model aircraft

All model aircraft flights must be conducted in a considerate manner so that there is no risk of harm to aircraft, people, birds, animals or property and so as not to otherwise constitute a public nuisance. The model aircraft must be clearly visible to the operator at all times so that full control of the model aircraft can be maintained. Model aircraft may only be flown during daylight hours and not
  1. at altitudes of more than 120 metres above ground or water,
  2. closer than 150 metres to people, motor vehicles or buildings not controlled by the aircraft operator, except during take-off and landing.
The restrictions in the second paragraph do not apply to flights that are securely conducted under the auspices of a model aircraft association. If the operator of the model aircraft is assisted by a person standing next to the operator, and the model aircraft is clearly visible to him or her at all times, the flight may be conducted by use of information transmitted by a camera on board the model aircraft (first person view).

Areas in which flying a model aircraft is not permitted

Model aircraft may not be flown over or in the vicinity of military areas, embassies or prisons, except by permission from the local person in charge. Model aircraft may not be flown in restricted areas established pursuant to the Aviation Act or the Police Act. Model aircraft may not be flown over or in the vicinity of a place where an incident site has been established by the emergency services or the Armed Forces in connection with an accident or other extraordinary event. Except by permission from the local air traffic services unit, model aircraft may not be flown closer than 5 km to an aerodrome.

Strict liability for damage to third parties etc.

The operator of a model aircraft is invariably liable for damage or losses suffered outside the model aircraft as a result of the aircraft being used for flying.

Requirements for RO 1 undertakings (MTOM of up to 2.5 kg)

RO (RPAS Operators) 1 operators must notify the CAA Norway before starting up any new undertaking. Such notification shall contain information about the undertaking’s name, address and contact information, as well as information about the type of aircraft that will be used. An RO 1 undertaking is an undertaking in which aircraft
  1. with an MTOM of up to 2.5 kg and
  2. a maximum speed of 60 knots
will be operated exclusively within VLOS during daylight hours and subject to fixed safety distances; cf. Section 51.

Requirements for organisation

The operator shall have an accountable manager, operations manager and technical manager. One and the same person may fulfil several functions. The accountable manager has overriding responsibility for the undertaking. The accountable manager must be able to substantiate that the organisation is adapted to the size and complexity of the undertaking. The accountable manager must be 16 years or older. The operations manager shall ensure that operations are carried out in accordance with the undertaking’s operations manual. The technical manager shall ensure that the undertaking’s aircraft are airworthy. If the undertaking is particularly complex, the operator must establish and maintain a quality system adapted to its operations. The quality manager shall ensure that the undertaking’s quality assurance systems are upheld. A log shall be kept of flight times The pilot and pilot in command shall use an altimeter or another method to ensure that the aircraft does not fly more than 120 metres above ground or water. All aircraft shall be clearly marked with the operator’s name and telephone number.

Fail-safe system

All rotor-operated aircraft shall have a built-in system to ensure that the aircraft can land automatically in the event of loss of control on the part of the pilot or pilot in command. All aircraft without a pilot on board (fixed wing) shall have a redundant system that ensures control of the aircraft in the event that the main radio communication system fails Pilots must be able to demonstrate sufficient skills to ensure that flights can be conducted safely and in accordance with rules and regulations. Nobody must fly a model aircraft under the influence of alcohol or other intoxicating or narcotic substance. Sections 6-11 and 6-13 of the Aviation Act shall apply correspondingly.

Insurance

The operator is responsible for ensuring that it has insurance cover for third-party liability; cf. Section 11-2 of the Aviation Act.